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The Difference In Amp Hours and Watt Hours

To understand how much energy you will need to store in order to power your essentials, you will need to know what watts hours and amp hours are and how they are different from each other.

  • Watt Hours = Power Over Time
  • Amp Hours = Current Over Time

Power is measured in watts and a watt is equal to one joule per second. Watt hours (Wh) are units of energy that measure the capacity of power (watts) moving over time. In practical terms, this means how many watts an appliance, such as a light bulb or toaster oven, uses in one hour. To calculate watt hours, you simply multiply the watts by the number of hours the appliance is used. For example, if a lightbulb is rated at 50W, and you want to calculate how many watts your lightbulb uses in a day, the equation would be 50W times 24 hours, which gives you 1200 Wh.

Whereas watt hours are a measurement of energy, amp hours (Ah) are a measurement of charge. In order to calculate amp hours, you need to first know the amps, or current, which is defined as a stream of charged particles, such as electrons or ions, moving through an electrical conductor or space. An amp hour is a measurement of how many amps flow over a one hour period. For example, a 150 Ah battery would be able to expel 150 amps in one hour and 75 amps for two hours, or 150 Ah total. In short, amp hours show how much current a battery can supply for a certain period of time.

If you are trying to determine a battery’s charge and discharge rates, take a look at the battery’s C rating, which is a unit that measures the speed at which a battery is fully charged or discharged. For example, charging at a C rate of 1C means that the battery is charged from 0 to 100 percent in the span of one hour. A 0.5C or C/2 rate represents a two hour discharge time and .2C or C/5 represents a 5 hour discharge time. If the battery has a 1C (1C current) rating, this means that a battery with a 20Ah capacity should be able to provide 20 Amps for one hour.

How To Convert Amp Hours To Watt Hours

You will need to be able to know and calculate both watt hours and amp hours in order to determine your battery’s energy capacity, what voltage you need as well as the thickness of your wires. Although amp hours and watt hours are distinct units of measurement, it’s important to know that they are related and that one can be used to determine the other. Listed below are the calculations for watt hours and amp hours that you can use to calculate one when you only have the other.

  • watt hours = amp hours x volts
  • amp hours = watt hours / volts

If you have a 12V battery for your van and that battery is rated for 200 Ah. You can multiply the 200 Ah times the 12V, which gives you 2400 Wh. To further demonstrate how amp hours differ from watt hours, you would also be able to achieve the same 2400 Wh with a 24V (higher voltage), 100 Ah (lower Ah) battery. Of course, if you only happened to know the watt hours for your energy storage system, you can calculate the amp hours based on this.

Read this article for more information on amp hours and watt hours.